Since its addition to Java EE around 2010, Java batch processing has been an integral part of that platform. With the subsequent migration from Java EE to Jakarta EE platform, the rebranded Jakarta Batch continues to be a valuable tool for tackling various enterprise data tasks. It works seamlessly with the rest of the platform, such as CDI, Web Services, Restful Services, servlet, JSF and other web components. Many developers have successfully built and deployed enterprise batch applications leveraging all these technologies. In this post, I’ll try to explain how to use standalone remote EJB client to connect to WildFly application server and initiate and manage batch jobs.

You might be wondering why using remote ejb with batch application. After all, with the ubiquity of web app and REST API, it’s only natural to choose HTTP client for batch applications. This is certainly a valid architecture choice for many applications. But on the other hand, EJB, with its robust services including concurrency, transaction, security, and scalability, offers a viable option for many use cases.

Benefits of remote EJB client

Consider the following benefits of having a remote EJB client for batch application:

  • Easy to distribute different parts of the application in different hosting environment. You can deploy the bulk of the batch processing logic inside an application server, while keeping a thin layer of client controller in a separate host. The same client co-located with the server-side services should work as well. This is the kind of location- transparency and deployment flexibility offered by using a remote EJB client.
  • Easy to embed into other applications. Batch applications do not operate in a vacuum; instead it is oftentimes a piece in the whole enterprise system puzzle. With batch processing service is exposed via EJB remote interfaces, it becomes a breeze to embed the client into other programs. While integrating with other Java programs is most typical, it is also feasible to connect to non-Java programs via language-agnostic protocols like IIOP.
  • Easy to automate with scripts. A remote EJB client running as a standalone Java application can be wrapped into a script, be it Bash, Python, Ant, Maven, or Groovy, without the dependency on any extra tools. It is also straightforward to pass any parameters to the EJB client either inside the script or directly in commend line.
  • Better coordination of global transaction between client- and server-side. With WildFly remote ejb client, it is possible to propagate the client transaction to the server components, and maintain ACID properties across the board.

Sample batch application

I’ll be using a sample batch application, remote-ejb-batch, to showcase such a batch application design and implementation.

Project layout

It is a single-module maven project consisting of both server- and client-side classes. After a successful build, it produces a single artifact target/remote-ejb-batch.war This WAR archive can then be deployed to WildFly application server.

remote-ejb-batch.war contains all the server-side classes (EJB classes, batchlet, and job.xml) necessary to run the batch processing service in WildFly. Recall that EJB classes can be packaged as a WAR archive, even without any web-related classes.

Also note the client class must not be packaged into the WAR archive. This is achived via the following exclusion clause in pom.xml


Server-side classes

The following classes work on the server-side

  • EJB classes
    • EJB remote business interface SuspendBatchRemote
      public interface SuspendBatchRemote {
        BatchStatus getStatus();
        void startJob(String jobXmlName, int maxSeconds);
    • EJB local business interface SuspendBatchLocal
      public interface SuspendBatchLocal {
        BatchStatus getStatus();
        void setStatus(BatchStatus status);
    • @Singleton bean class SuspendBatchSingleton
      public class SuspendBatchSingleton implements SuspendBatchLocal, SuspendBatchRemote {
      private JobOperator jobOperator;
      // other stuff
      public void startJob(final String jobXmlName, final int maxSeconds) {
          // other stuff
          final Properties properties = new Properties();
          properties.setProperty("max.seconds", String.valueOf(maxSeconds));
          jobOperator.start(jobXmlName, properties);
  • Batch processing classes
    • Batchlet impl Batchlet1 (refer to github repo for details)
    • job.xml file job1.xml ```xml


Worth mentioning is the presence of both remote and local business interfaces of the EJB bean class. The remote business interface is intended only for the remote client, while the local business interface should be invoked only by the local component, e.g., the batchlet class. Different aspects of the EJB service is exposed to different interfaces, with appropriate separation of concerns.

Client class

The client class is merely a simple POJO, running in standalone Java SE environment. All it does is JNDI-look up the remote EJB, and invoke its remote business method which in turn starts the batch job. Effectively, the batch job is initiated from the remote Java client.

public final class Client {
    //other stuff

    public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {
        final String lookupName = "ejb:/" + ARCHIVE_NAME + "/"
                + SuspendBatchSingleton.class.getSimpleName() + "!"
                + SuspendBatchRemote.class.getName();
        Context jndiContext = getRemoteContext();
        final SuspendBatchRemote bean = (SuspendBatchRemote) jndiContext.lookup(lookupName);
        bean.startJob(JOB_XML_NAME, MAX_SECONDS);

Build, deploy, and undeploy the batch application

mvn clean package

# use wildfly-maven-plugin to deploy
mvn wildfly:deploy

# use wildfly-maven-plugin to undeploy, after finishing the experiment
mvn wildfly:undeploy

Here we are using wildfly-maven-plugin to deploy the application to a running WildFly server. Make sure WildFly standalone server has already been started with default settings in the same host machine. Alternatively, you can also deploy via WildFly CLI, web console, or hot deploy (copying WAR to $JBOSS_HOME/standalone/deployments/)

Run Java client

The client program calls the remote EJB, which in turn starts running the batch job named job1. After some duration, the job execution should complete successfully.

Run anonymously

# to run client program as a guest without providing username:
mvn exec:exec

Run as user user1

In order to run the whole application as a particular user/password, you will need to first create the user in WildFly, and restart it.

# create user usr1 in WildFly
$JBOSS_HOME/bin/ -a -u user1 -p user1

# stop WildFly standalone server, usually with Ctrl-C, and then start it again

# to run client program as user1:
mvn exec:exec -Duser=user1 -Dpassword=user1

When running with a credential, the security context is propagated to the target EJB, and the batchlet, allowing for more fine-tuned access control and authorization.


In this post, we just examined writing and running batch application fronted with a remote EJB client, and some of the benefits of this design. As with any other application design, its usefulness depends largely on your application use case and business requirements. I hope this post and the companion samples are useful, and would definitely encourage you to explore many more features in JBeret and WildFly.